CD86 (B7-2) Mouse anti-Human, Functional Grade, Clone: IT2.2, eBioscience™
Mouse Monoclonal Antibody
Brand: Affymetrix eBioscience 16-0869-85
Additional Details : Weight : 0.01000kg
Description: The IT2.2 monoclonal antibody reacts with human CD86, an ∽80 kDa surface receptor also known as B7-2. CD86 and CD80 are members of the B7 family of costimulatory molecules. CD86 is expressed at low levels on B cells, macrophages, and dendritic cells and is upregulated on B cells through a variety of surface stimuli including the BCR complex, CD40 and some cytokine receptors. In addition to CD80 (B7-1), CD86 is a counter-receptor for the T cell surface molecules CD28 and CD152 (CTLA-4). The interaction of CD86 with its ligands plays a critical role in T-B crosstalk, T cell costimulation, autoantibody production and Th2-mediated Ig production. The kinetics of upregulation of CD86 upon stimulation supports its major contribution during the primary phase of an immune response. Applications Reported: The IT2.2 antibody has been reported for use in flow cytometric analysis. IT2.2 has also been reported in blocking of CD86 in functional studies. Applications Tested: The IT2.2 antibody has been tested by flow cytometric analysis of normal human peripheral blood cells. This can be used at less than or equal to 0.25 µg per test. A test is defined as the amount (µg) of antibody that will stain a cell sample in a final volume of 100 µL. Cell number should be determined empirically but can range from 10^5 to 10^8 cells/test. It is recommended that the antibody be carefully titrated for optimal performance in the assay of interest.Endotoxin: Less than 0.001 ng/ug antibody as determined by the LAL assay. Storage and handling: Use in a sterile environment. Filtration: 0.2 μm post-manufacturing filtered. Purity: Greater than 90%, as determined by SDS-PAGE. Endotoxin Level: Less than 0.001 ng/μg antibody, as determined by LAL assay. Aggregation: Less than 10%, as determined by HPLC. CD86 is one of two ligands (the other CD80) for CTLA4 and CD28. CD86 acts as costimulatory molecule in eliciting T-cell help during antigen presentation. Antigen presentation in the absence of sufficient co-stimulation involving CD86/CD80 can induce tolerance. CD80 appears to play a role distinct from CD80 in T helper cell differentiation. CD86 is a type I membrane protein that is a member of the immunoglobulin superfamily. The CD86 protein is expressed by antigen-presenting cells, and it is the ligand for two proteins at the cell surface of T cells, CD28 antigen and cytotoxic T-lymphocyte-associated protein 4. Binding of CD86 with CD28 antigen is a costimulatory signal for activation of the T-cell. Binding of CD86 with cytotoxic T-lymphocyte-associated protein 4 negatively regulates T-cell activation and diminishes the immune response. Alternative splicing results in two transcript variants encoding different isoforms of CD86. Additional transcript variants have been described for CD86, but their full-length sequences have not been determined. Diseases associated with CD86 dysfunction include gallbladder squamous cell carcinoma and myocarditis.
|PBS with no preservative; pH 7.2|
|B7-2, B7.2, B70, CD28LG2, LAB72, MGC34413, B-lymphocyte activation antigen B7-2, B-lymphocyte antigen B7-2, B7-2 antigen, BU63, CD28 antigen ligand 2|
|Flow Cytometry, Functional Assay, Neutralization|
For Research Use Only.